The finest, most versatile light scattering instrument for reliable electrophoretic mobility and size measurements of proteins, polymers, and all types of nanoparticles.
Wyatt Technology's Mobius is the first and only light scattering instrument that makes reliable, reproducible, and non-destructive electrophoretic mobility measurements of macromolecules as small as 2 nm in radius (as well as micron-size nanoparticles) in most aqueous buffers. It is also Wyatt's best-performing detector for nanoparticle size analysis by means of batch dynamic light scattering.
Compatible with DYNAMICS
The Mobius is accompanied by DYNAMICS, our powerful software package for analyzing batch dynamic light scattering and electrophoretic mobility measurements. The Security Pack (DYNAMICS SP) option provides 21 CFR (11) compliance for GMP/GLP use.
The Mobius offers a unique suite of capabilities for mobility and size measurements of proteins, polymers and nanoparticles:
- Non-destructive analysis of fragile biomolecules
- Repeatable and accurate measurements in conductive buffers such as physiological saline
- Simultaneous measurements of size and mobility
- Automated sample handling or manual measurements
- Fluorescence blocking filter for sizing of fluorescing nanoparticles such as quantum dots
The Mobius characterizes the mobility of proteins and other biomolecules non-destructively and robustly, thanks to an innovative design enabling some unprecedented capabilities described more fully in the Advanced Technology tab.
Productivity, you say?
The Mobius features a novel, 170 µL flow cell providing advanced benefits, such as automated sample handling with a standard autosampler, to measure dozens of samples or conditions per day and maximize productivity. The high-pressure flow cell also affords connection to the Atlas pressurization system for robust and reproducible analysis of biomolecular mobility, net charge and zeta potential in solvents with conductivity up to 100 mS/cm - about 6x physiological saline.
The combination of mobility + size results in a calculation of the nanoparticle's zeta potential or the protein's net charge. Thanks to simultaneous dynamic light scattering analysis of molecular/nanoparticle size alongside the mobility measurement, you can monitor changes to the sample in real time and adjust measurement parameters as necessary.
The closed, PEEK flow cell also means compatibility with a wide range of volatile organic solvents.
The Mobius characterizes the mobility of proteins and other biomolecules non-destructively, thanks to an innovative design that incorporates 32 parallel detectors denoted as 'massively parallel phase analysis light scattering', or MP-PALS.
MP-PALS is a true enabler for maximum sensitivity and short acquisition times. The combination of a powerful solid-state laser, precision optics and real parallel-plate electrodes near the optical path that do not distort electric field lines, permits application of low voltages with low current. Low voltage and current minimize perturbation of the sample, even in conductive solvents such as physiological saline, since exposure to high voltage may denature the sample and high currents produce heating and convection of the solvent, degrading the measurement.
Parallel, optimized optical channels
The combination of hydrodynamic radius and electrophoretic mobility are necessary to compute zeta potential, or net molecular charge. Most zeta potential detectors use a single avalanche photodiode for both size and mobility. This compromise means that dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurements, performed with light scattered into a high angle, may not be taken concurrently with mobility measurements that are performed with light scattered into a low angle.
The Mobius incorporates parallel optical channels that measure simultaneously - MP-PALS measurements of mobility at low angles utilize a completely separate detector than the DLS measurement of size via high angles. Both, of course, make use of the same high-quality laser beam originating in a single-longitudinal-mode solid-state laser.
Some samples are subject to degradation upon application of electric voltage and current, even at the very low values typically applied in the Mobius. Simultaneous monitoring of DLS and MP-PALS means that you can track changes to the sample, and modify measurement conditions accordingly to minimize degradation.
What about low-conductivity solvents?
Conversely, when high ionic strength is not an issue, you want to maximize mobility signals for the fastest and most accurate results. In addition to very low voltages, the Mobius can apply electric fields of hundreds of V/cm to extract robust signals in the presence of poorly conducting samples. The advanced technology incorporated into this instrument makes it the most versatile ELS detector available.
The Mobius flow cell enables automated sample handling with a standard autosampler. An Agilent autosampler and HPLC pump are controlled directly by DYNAMICS software to flush the system, inject sample, perform the measurement, and repeat with the next sample.
When measuring samples in high-ionic-strength buffers, an Atlas pressurization system should be incorporated in order to suppress bubbles formed by electrolysis in the cell, since these bubbles scatter light and corrupt the ELS signal. The Atlas is also controlled by DYNAMICS, making the entire sequence seamless.
Automating buffer conditions
Do you need to measure zeta potential or net molecular charge as a function of concentration, pH, ionic strength or excipient? The autosampler may even be programmed to automatically prepare samples at a series of buffer conditions. The Mobius measures conductivity directly in its flow cell, and pH by means of a Wyatt in-line pH detector. These data are recorded simultaneously with the size and mobility results.
Automation not for you?
If automation is not required, several convenient options are available for manual operation: samples may be injected directly into the flow cell (with or without the Atlas) or measured by means of cuvettes and dip electrodes.
DYNAMICS - Software for MP-PALS and DLS measurements in the Mobius. Calculates electrophoretic mobility, size and size distributions, and derives zeta potential, Debye-Hückel-Henry and effective net charge.
DYNAMICS also controls Agilent autosamplers and pumps for hands-off analyses of dozens of samples per day.
|Conductivity Range||0 to 7 mS/cm; 0 to 100 mS/cm with Atlas pressurization system *|
|Mobility Range||No practical limit|
|Mobility Size Range (Radius)||1 nm to 50 µm|
|Mobility Sensitivity||1 mg/mL lysozyme† (flow cell); 5 mg/mL BSA (dip cell)|
|DLS Size Measurements|
|Size Range (Radius)||
0.2 to 5000 nm (flow cell); 0.2 to 200 nm (dip cell, quartz cuvette);
0.2 to 250 nm (disposable cuvette)
|Size Sensitivity||0.1 mg/mL lysozyme|
|Attenuation||Maximum Detector Auto-attenuation 3000x|
|Flow Cell (PALS + DLS)||170 µL PEEK flow cell for aqueous and most organic solvents. Required for autosampler and/or Atlas operation.|
|Dip Cell (PALS + DLS)||Quartz cuvette + PEEK & platinum dip probe. For manual sample introduction; cannot be pressurized. Requires 65 µL of solution for PALS or 45 µL for DLS measurements.|
|Quartz Cuvette (DLS Only)||45 µL quartz cuvette.|
|Disposable Cuvette (DLS Only)||100 µL polystyrene cuvette.|
|Sample Temperature Control||4 to 70°C|
|Laser Power Control||Selectable 10% or 100%|
|Laser Wavelength||532 nm. Please inquire regarding other wavelengths.|
|Laser Lifetime||> 10,000 hours|
|Detectors||32 detector channels for multi-angle PALS detection|
|Wetted Materials||316 stainless steel, PEEK, quartz or glass, platinum, Kalrez|
|Instrument Options||Fluorescence blocking filter|
|Auxiliary I/O||Alarm In, Alarm Retransmit, Auto Inject contact closure, 2 Analog Inputs (16 bits, ± 10 V)|
|Communications||Ethernet interface to DYNAMICS software on host computer; USB to Atlas|
|Front Panel Display||162.5 mm, 16-bit, high resolution LCD touch screen display|
|Dimensions||60 cm (L) x 36 cm (W) x 23 cm (H)|
* Wyatt Atlas is required for conductivity above 8 mS/cm.
† Solvent is Tris-Glycine buffer containing 25 mM Tris and 192 mM Glycine at pH 8.0. The standard deviation over ten thirty-second measurements is 10% of the mean value.
Host PC requirements may be found in Computer Requirements.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
Other DLS & ELS Instruments
DynaPro® Plate Reader - The only commercially available instrument that measures DLS and SLS, for size and molar mass, directly in situ in standard 96, 384 or 1536 microwell plates. The non-perturbing DynaProPlate Reader offers integration with robot liquid handlers and multi-technique plate-based assay protocols. Temperature-controlled over 4°C to 85°C.
DynaPro® NanoStar® - With sample volumes as small as 1.25 µL and temperature control spanning -15°C to +150°C, the NanoStar goes above and beyond traditional cuvette-based DLS instruments. It offers an optimized static light scattering detector in parallel to the DLS detection system in order to determine true molar mass.